Visibility Vol 14 Issue 1, 2020


Interactional Expertise of People who are Blind and Visually Impaired: An Analysis of Street Crossing Decisions through the Imitation Game


The purpose of this study was to examine the role of tacit knowledge acquired through immersion in a social group in learning. Specifically, our aim was to measure congenitally blind and normally-sighted individuals’ level of interactional expertise—“the ability to master the language of a specialist domain in the absence of practical competence” (Collins & Evans, 2007, p. 14)—to examine their sensitivity to environmental constraints and opportunities. We hypothesized that an individual who belongs to the minority social group of congenitally blind individuals can acquire the collective tacit knowledge of being a normally-sighted individual without much deliberate effort and intention, whereas the reverse is more difficult in the absence of explicitly acquired domain-specific knowledge. The scope of the study was limited to the problem context of navigation and wayfinding with and without vision.

Read More
photo of

Minding the Gap: Determining Causes for Missed Low Vision Referrals to Develop a Streamlined, Sustainable Low Vision Rehabilitation System in Wisconsin

Katherine Dalzotto MD; Mark Banghart MS; Christina Thomas-Virnig PhD; Sanbrita Mondal OD

View Article
photo of

Assessment of Modified Patient Education Materials for People with Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Jennifer Fortuna, PhD, OTR/L; Linda Shuster, PhD, CCC-SLP, F-ASHA; Anne Riddering, PhD, OTR/L, CLVT, COMS; Cassie Lopez-Jeng, PhD; MPH, CPH, CHES

View Article
Man using reader

Bilateral Atrophic Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Case Study

Gregg Baldwin, OD

Download Article