Visibility Vol 11 Issue 3 & 4


Perceived Stress, Depression, and Anti-VEGF Treatment Status in People with Age-Related Macular Degeneration


AMD is known to be associated with increased emotional distress and depression and reduced quality of life. Potential sources of stress for an individual who requires anti-VEGF may include facing the prospect of uncertain visual outcomes and severe, permanent vision loss. They also often experience rapid declines in vision which can have serious negative consequences for their daily lives. Additionally, an intraocular injection may, itself, be a source of stress. There is mixed evidence regarding the relationships among anxiety, depression, and anti-VEGF treatment stage in patients with AMD. The purpose of this study was to compare perceived stress and depression levels in patients undergoing anti-VEGF treatment for AMD to those with AMD who were only being monitored.

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Bilateral Atrophic Age-Related Macular Degeneration: A Case Study

Gregg Baldwin, OD

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Quantifying Emotion Recognition and Classification in Clients with Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Aaron P. Johnson, PhD

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Man using magnifier on glasses

Characteristics of Older Bioptic Drivers: Effects of Increasing Age on Driving Safety

Bradley E. Dougherty, OD, PhD

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